Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga CTR — Information in English
The working language of our website is of course Irish, but this page provides an English language overview of key points of information for those who aren’t fluent in that language.
If you’d like to find out more about any of the following subjects, you’re most welcome to get in touch.
Background and context
Cois Fharraige, the Language Plan ⁊ an Fóram
Why does Cois Fharraige need a language plan?
Irish, an ancient Celtic language, is the vernacular here in Cois Fharraige. In fact, we’re one of Ireland’s strongest Gaeltacht (Irish speaking) areas. Cois Fharraige is renowned for its rich cultural and linguistic heritage and many have availed of the opportunities and facilities it offers to expand their knowledge of and fluency in the language.
Cois Fharraige has a vibrant community that is enhanced by both its traditional local population and newcomers. Today however, Irish is under severe pressure here and its survival as a community language here is by no means assured. The ubiquity of English is a challenge to ensuring that our linguistic and cultural heritage continues to thrive in a strong and meaningful way.
If Irish is to be maintained here as a community language, it must continue to be present in every aspect of community life and it is vital that action be taken to ensure that current and future generations can continue to use Irish is all facets of their daily lives.
The Language Plan is a road-map to achieve this.
Why should I participate?
Everyone has their own values, priorities and so on but reasons may include:
- To continue the unbroken linguistic tradition of your family and neighbours.
- Loyalty to the previous generations of Cois Fharraige.
- Pride of place.
- Appreciation of heritage.
- Add to your own and your family’s cultural richness.
- Enrich the cultural diversity of Ireland and the wider world.
- Employment opportunities.
- Economic opportunities.
- Support the Gaeltacht status of Cois Fharraige.
How can I participate?
In all kinds of ways!
- Parents: Speak Irish with your children.
- Families: Use Irish inside and outside the home.
- Employers: Encourage the use of Irish in the workplace.
- Service providers: Publicise the fact that Irish is welcome.
- Club members: Use Irish as the club language.
- Young people: Speak Irish among yourselves and with people you meet. Beatha teanga í a labhairt.
- Less young people: Speak Irish with young people!
- Fluent Speakers: Be patent with those who are not yet fluent.
- Speakers with some Irish: Use what you have. Let people know you want others to speak Irish to you. Gradually improve your Irish.
- Speakers who rarely use Irish: Identify occasions where you could use Irish.
- Speakers who haven’t spoken Irish for a while: Start again!
Every action counts — and non-action is an action in itself! Everyone in Cois Fharraige has a part to play in the linguistic future of the community. The implementation and execution of the Language Plan can only succeed if a meaningful effort is made. We can all contribute! If you’d like to find out more, contact an Fóram and explore possibilities.
About Cois Fharraige
Cois Fharraige is traditionally considered to extend west from Bearna to the Casla River. It includes a number of districts that have their own distinct identities but is mentioned in historical documentation at least as far back as the early Eighteenth Century. In 1715, one Edward Ffrench was recorded as being “parish priest of Spidle and Seaside” – clearly a direct translation of Cois Fharraige, but long obsolete. Both Loiscthe River in An Spidéal village marks the border of two different parishes in two different dioceses: An Spidéal parish in the diocese of Tuam, known locally as ‘Paróiste an Chnoic’, and An Spidéal parish in the diocese of Galway.
Acht na Gaeltachta 2012, which mandated the creation of 27 Language Planning Areas throughout the Gaeltacht, assigned the Cois Fharraige LPA a slightly narrower area. It still extends west to the river at Casla but is bounded in the east at Na Forbacha (specifically, at the stream at na Líbéirtí), a couple of miles short of Bearna.
Cois Fharraige has been well-known as a Gaeltacht area since era of the language revival and has long been a popular destination for Irish language enthuasists. What we now call ‘cultural tourism’ was up and running here well over a hundred years ago, with the establishment of Coláiste an Phiarsaigh in Na Forbacha and of Coláiste Chonnacht in An Spidéal.
Cois Fharraige was one of the first areas in Ireland in which a detailed study of the local dialect and its morphology was conducted and this research yielded two landmark publications; The Irish of Cois Fharraige (1945) and Gaeilge Chois Fharraige: An Deilbhíocht (1953), both by Professor Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
The people of Cois Fharraige have inherited a wealth of cultural riches from their ancestors in the form of folklore, song, music, poetry and literature. The region has a list of distinguished singers and poets to its credit, who have created verse in both traditional oral and in contemporary forms. Readers of Irish are also indebted to this heritage which has produced many fine authors. Consider Mícheál Breathnach from An Cnoc, who was a most influential voice in matters of Irish at the beginning of the twentieth century; Máirtín Ó Cadhain from An Cnocán Glas, who was without doubt the absolute giant of Irish language writing and thinking some years later; and Johnny Chóil Mhaidhc Ó Coisealbha from Na Creagáin, who immensely enriched his own community and others’ with his sublime wit and wisdom.
Several key public institutions with responsibility for the Irish language have their headquarters in Cois Fharraige. Údarás na Gaeltachta and Roinn na Gaeltachta are located in Na Forbacha, An Coimisinéir Teanga (The Language Commisioner) is located in An Spidéal and TG4 is based in Baile na hAbhann. Similarly, the major Irish language publishing houses, Cló Iar-Chonnacht, Futa Fata and Leabhar Breac, were set up here and Ros na Rún, the long running popular Irish language television series, has been made in An Spidéal from the outset and has been a catalyst inspiring other media companies in the area.
This Language Plan is an opportunity for the community of Cois Fharraige to help continue its rich heritage and to make a positive choice for Irish. It is hoped that the strategies proposed will be realised so that they can support the continued community use of Irish in the area to ensure that Cois Fharraige will remain a strong, confidant Gaeltacht area.
About the Cois Fharraige Language Plan
Overview of the Plan
Plean Teanga Chois Fharraige was created following the model set out by Údarás na Gaeltachta and An Roinn Ealaíon, Oidhreachta, Gnóthaí Réigiúnacha, Tuaithe agus Gaeltachta in the Language Planning Guidelines.
The duration of the Plan is seven years. The Plan’s budget is €150,000 per-annum. The aim of the Plan is to encourage and implement positive action to support the people of Cois Fharraige in addressing the numerous challenges that exist to Irish as a family and community language.
Actions set out in the Plan
The Language Plan details actions focussing on the following areas:
- Irish in the home.
- Newcomers to the area.
- Local employment.
- Local business.
- Physical Planning.
- Voluntary Organisations.
- Public Amenities.
- Religious Services.
- Festivals and Community Events.
- Public Services.
- The Arts.
- Media and Communications.
The primary objectives of the Plan
- That Irish remains a central part of all aspects of life in Cois Fharraige.
- An increase of 5% in the figures relating to Daily Irish Speakers (DIS) in LPT Chois Fharraige between the Census of 2016 and that of 2021.
- An increase of 5% in the number of families in which parents speak only- or mostly Irish with their children, and in which the children speak only- or mostly Irish among themselves.
- Promote and re-enforce the pride which the people of Cois Fharraige have in their heritage.
- That ‘Cois Fharraige’ be developed as a brand name, promoting it as a strong Gaeltacht area.
- That all age-groups and all facets of the community come together to share in the language and heritage of the area.
The primary recommendations of the Language Plan
- Establish a company, which represents the community, to oversee and monitor the implementation of the Plan.
- Appoint staff and open an office.
- Prepare a flyer, for widespread community distribution, suggesting ways in which individuals can use Irish.
- Organise a publicity campaign to promote the Plan.
- That each school in the LPT attain Scoil Ghaeltachta status and that Gaeltacht recognition be attained by each naíonra, as determined in the Policy on Gaeltacht Education.
- Encourage parents who have Irish, and who speak a different language to their partners, to speak Irish to their children.
- That children who are being brought up through Irish have the opportunity to avoid the linguistic influence of English until they have mastery of Irish.
- That all childcare, educational, sporting and afterschool settings have language maintenance policies.
- Give comprehensive assistance to newcomers to the area regarding language choices and needs.
- Help parents improve their own Irish so that they can more effectively bring their children up in Irish and
participate in community life in Irish.
- Make youth services a priority. Create a social environment in which young people communicate in Irish.
- Establish one or more fora for schools, boards of management, principals and teachers to support them in dealing with the linguistic challenges particular to schooling environments and to support the implementation of the Policy on Gaeltacht Education.
- Highlight ways in which the use of Irish can be increased in existing workplaces and support the creation of additional employment which would increase the use of Irish in the area.
- Mediate positively on behalf of Irish in the social life of the community.
- Ensure the Plan’s funding over the entire seven year period.
- Provide adults, coaches, leaders and youth workers with appropriate training regarding ways in which Irish can be prioritised.
- Address the practice of switching to English at meetings and public occasions.
- Prioritise the ability to understand Irish, rather than switching to English, when one’s ability to speak Irish isn’t as strong as one’s ability to understand it.
- Establish a public archive that includes video, audio and textual material.
- Develop leadership skills to serve youth needs in the community.
- Support the establishment of dedicated youth centres.
About Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga CTR
History and background
By instruction of the Act, a number of Limistéir Pleanála Teanga (LPTs; language planning areas) were created throughout Ireland’s Gaeltacht.As mentioned earlier, the Cois Fharraige LPT stretches from Abhainn Chasla in Ros a’ Mhíl to Sruthán na Líbéirtí on the eastern edge of Na Forbacha.
The LPTs were given two years to prepare language plans for their own localities and an additional seven to implement them. Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga was established to administer the language plan for the Cois Fharraige LPT.
The Cois Fharraige LPT covers five primary school catchment areas — Na Forbacha, An Spidéal, An Cnoc, An Tulach and Ros a’ Mhíl — and each area is fully represented.
Seven people were appointed to form Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga’s Steering Committee — five representatives from the aforementioned catchment areas, along with the Manager of Comharchumann Sailearna Teoranta and the Manager of Comhlacht Forbartha an Spidéil. A consultant company specialising in language planning, Seirbhísí Pleanála Teanga, was retained to undertake research and to co-ordinate the plan.
Recognising linguistic needs
The various areas within the Cois Fharraige LPT each have their own linguistic characteristics, and therefore different linguistic requirements. In 2007, An Staidéar Cuimsitheach Teangeolaíoch ar Úsáid na Gaelige sa Ghaeltacht (The Comprehensive Linguistic Study on Irish Language Use in the Gaeltacht) had assigned linguistic categorisations, based on Irish language use, to areas throughout the Gaeltacht. This of course included areas that would subsequently form parts the Cois Fharraige LPT:
- Category A: Cill Chuimín (Ros a’ Mhíl, An Tulach and Na Mine), Sailearna (the An Cnoc area) and Chill Aithnín (from Coill Rua to Both Chuanna).
- Category B: An Spidéal.
- Category C: Na Forbacha.
These categorisations were used as the basis for fine-tuning the Language Plan to reflect local needs. However, extensive work was also carried out by Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga’s Steering Commitee and Seirbhísí Pleanála Teanga, along with Aoife Ní Churraoin, who was at the time engaged on a scholarship with Údarás na Gaeltachta. Using multiple research methodologies, new and additional data were gathered and collated.
Acceptance of the Plan
A draft plan was drawn up, presented to the community and agreed upon before the final plan was submitted to Údarás na Gaeltachta.
In due course, the plan was accepted. Funding of €150,000 per annum was approved and it was agreed that two officers would be recruited to implement it.
Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga: corporate realignment
At this juncture, to be able to operate satisfactorily as a lead organisation in the implementation of the Plan, it was necessary to put an Fóram on an appropriate statutory footing. Following this, Fóram Chois Fharraige um Pleanáil Teanga CTR — a company limited by guarantee — was registered with the Company Registrations Office under Section 18 of the Companies Act 2014 (number 661144).
This new formation required the creation of a Board of Directors to succeed the Committee. ‘Corporate continuity’ was maintained, however, by the appointment to the
Board of a number of Committee members.
An Fóram’s remit
- Function as a language planning Lead Organisation so as to implement the Language Plan in conjunction with Udarás na Gaeltachta.
- Support the community to strengthen the use of Irish as the vernacular in all aspects of daily life.
- Enhance awareness in Cois Fharraige regarding the benefits that arise from its linguistic and cultural heritage.
- Provide the community with advice and assistance in matters of language, culture and heritage.
- Encourage, facilitate, establish and support strategic projects in Irish in relation to:
- The family.
- Language acquisition.
- Early education and childcare.
- Sports and Amenities.
- The Arts.
- Festivals and other cultural and heritage events.
- Media and communications.
- Co-operate and collaborate with state agencies, language-based organisations and development agencies which work toward preserving and strengthening the Irish language as a spoken language in Cois Fharraige.
An Fóram’s membership
Membership of an Fóram is made up of voluntary community organisations, community development organisations, sporting and entertainment organisations and Irish language-based businesses. Such organisations are eligible to apply for membership provided that they:
- Promote the use of the Irish language and/or provide services in Irish.
- Operate in the Cois Fharraige area.
- Aisteoirí an Spidéil
- An Bogha Ceatha
- An tIonad Tacaíochta Teaghlaigh
- Bearna Na Forbacha Aontaithe
- CLG Mícheál Breathnach
- CLG an Spidéil
- Club Foghlaimeoirí Gaeilge Chois Fharraige
- Club Scannán Sailearna
- Coiste Pobail na bhForbacha
- Coiste Pobail na Tulaí
- Coláiste Chamuis
- Coláiste Cholmcille
- Coláiste Chroí Mhuire
- Comhar Creidmheasa Cholmcille Teo
- Comhlucht Forbartha an Spidéil
- Cumann Forbartha Chois Fharraige
- Cumann Sacair Chois Fharraige
- Éigse an Spidéil
- Scoil Éinne An Spidéal
- Scoil na bhForbacha
- Scoil Sailearna
- Scoil Náisiúnta Cholmcille na Tulaí
- Scoil Cholmcille Ros an Mhíl
- Comharchumann Shailearna Teo.
- Cumann Drámaíochta Chois Fharraige
- Cumann Liathróid Láimhe Mícheál Breathnach
- Club Iománaíochta Bearna Na Forbacha
- Comhar Naíonraí na Gaeltachta
- Conradh an Gaeilge, Na Forbacha
- Naíonra na bhForbacha
An Fóram’s Board of Directors
An Fóram’s Board of Directors are directly responsible for its practical administration. Appointments to the Board are made by an Fóram’s membership, following a formal process of election. The Board is currently made up as follows:
An Fóram’s Staff
Language Planning Officer activities and duties
Katie and Aoife work closely with both an Fóram’s Board of Directors and with the Department of Language Planning in Údarás na Gaeltachta to implement Plean Teanga Chois Fharraige.
The officers’ main objective is to support the central position of Irish in every aspect of life in the area. They are available to the public to offer guidance and support regarding a wide spectrum of community life, including family, societal, sporting, entertainment and business. Aoife’s duties focus specifically on the youth. They publish the weekly newsletter, Scéal, Scéal, Scéal…, spreading the word in the community about stories, news and information. The newsletter is available on Facebook, Twitter ⁊ Instagram and can be emailed upon request.
Aoife and Katie hope that the Language Plan, and the objectives set out therein, will help preserve and increase the strength of the Irish language in the area and ensure that Irish remains the vernacular for generations to come.
Our website also includes comprehensive listings of community-related information.
Local Directory: Emergency services, governmental services, local businesses and other resources available to the Cois Fharraige LPT.
Calendar: A constantly updated calendar of events and important dates.